December 1, 1999- Do You Need A Second Passport?
Your CitizenshipAre you a citizen of the United States? YES? NO? Not sure? The Answer to the question asked above, "Are you a United States citizen?" is, in most cases, NO!
Here again, you have been tricked! The "United States" is the legal, formal name for the home of the "federal government" and its "territory!" In other words, it is the Proper Name for Federal Land (the District of Columbia and federal territories). The individual States, which joined forces and formed the "united States of America," should not be confused with the title of "United States," which is reserved for the District of Columbia and the territories controlled by the federal government.
Obviously, in the light of what we have always thought we knew, this sounds a little bizarre. However, the united States supreme Court (Editors Note: This is the CORRECT capitalization of this name) addressed the question of the meaning of the term "United States" in the case of Hooven & Allison Co. v. Evatt (1945).
The court ruled that the term "United States" has three uses:
- "...either as the name of a sovereign occupying the position analogous to that of other sovereigns in the family of nations, or
- "as designating the territory over which the sovereignty of the United States (Federal government) extends, or 3."as the collective name for the states which are united by and under the Constitution." In other words, the term "United States" means: A."'These united States', or B."the District of Columbia and all other federal lands such as Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Guam, Mariana Islands, American Samoa, etc. or,
- "The union of states which is the 'united States of America'."
If you have an American Passport, look at it. Notice that it is from the "United States of America" (NOT the "United States), and that it does not contain your Social Security Number! Another way to verify this is to read that marvelous founding document, the Constitution.
Remember that the writers of this remarkable document were extremely well educated and articulate men. They knew the meaning of the words they used. Please turn to Article 10: Article [X] The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people."
Obviously, the "United States" and the "States" used here can NOT be the same thing, or the sentence is redundant. The framers of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights knew exactly what they were writing -- that the powers not designated to the "federal" government were reserved to the States and the people!
Remember that, under the Constitution, ALL power originated with the PEOPLE -- who delegated some of it to the States, which in turn delegated some of it to the "federal" government. The Constitution is designed to LIMIT the power of the "central" government, not expand it.
The founding fathers had, after all, just fought the Revolutionary War to make sure that the new "central" government did not have the power, such as King George III exercised, to usurp the "unalienable rights" they had proclaimed in the Declaration of Independence ten years earlier.
Probably all your life, you've been told that you are a citizen of the United States. You were even intentionally taught this falsehood in school (which, no doubt was federally funded -- and had its curriculum in large measure dictated by Washington).
Well, Congratulations! NOW you know who you really are. And you know just a little bit of the freedom and power bequeathed to you by the architects of this incredible country. What you have just learned about is an unprecedented GRAB for power by the "federal" government!
In fact, Agents of the "federal" government have NO jurisdiction within the borders of these separate and sovereign united States -- unless you give it to them!